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St. Augustine SOD
St. Augustine grass, Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Kuntze, is
a perennial robust grass widely used for pastures and lawns. In
the warmer climates of the tropics and subtropics it rivals
bermudagrass in importance. St. Augustine grass is a coarse
textured, stoloniferous species that roots at the nodes. Unlike
bermudagrass, St. Augustine grass does not have rhizomes. Its
stems (stolons) and overlapping leaf sheaths are generally
compressed; leaf blades generally folded, abruptly contracted at
the base, rounded at the tip, and smooth; ligule is reduced to a
short fringe of hairs; collar is petioled and the sheath greatly
compressed and ciliate along the margins.
Bahiagrass is drought resistant turf. It does well in lawns and
along highways, and its best used in sunny areas in warm humid
regions. Its roots can extend up to 8' deep. Warm season grass,
resistant to drought, disease and insect attacks. Will survive
in a variety of soils from sandy to clay and other infertile,
dry soils. Requires some maintenance. The grass will thin out
over time and has a low tolerance to many weed control
herbicides. Used extensively in lawns along coastal areas in
Florida. Vigorous growing habit requires frequent mowing during
hot weather. It has a coarse blade and is not suitable for soils
with high a pH.
C. dactylon is widely cultivated in warm climates all over the
world between about 30� south and 30� north latitude, and that
get between 625�1,750 mm (24.6�69 in) of rainfall a year (or
less, if irrigation is available). It is also found in the U.S.
mostly in the southern half of the country and in warm climates.
It is fast growing and tough, making it popular and useful for
sports fields, as when damaged it will recover quickly. It is a
highly desirable turf grass in warm temperate climates,
particularly for those regions where its heat and drought
tolerance enable it to survive where few other grasses do. It
has a relatively coarse-bladed form with numerous cultivars
selected for different turf requirements. It is also highly
aggressive, crowding out most other grasses and invading other
habitats, and has become a hard-to-eradicate weed in some areas.
This weedy nature leads some gardeners to give it the name of